Upgrading

This section describes how to upgrade from one OpenStack release to another.

Preparation

Before you start, be sure to back up any local changes, configuration, and data.

Upgrading Kayobe

If a new, suitable version of kayobe is available, it should be installed. If using kayobe from a git checkout, this may be done by pulling down the new version from Github. Make sure that any local changes to kayobe are committed. For example, to pull version 1.0.0 from the origin remote:

$ git pull origin 1.0.0

If local changes were made to kayobe, these should now be reapplied.

The upgraded kayobe python module and dependencies should be installed:

(kayobe) $ pip install -U .

Migrating Kayobe Configuration

Kayobe configuration options may be changed between releases of kayobe. Ensure that all site local configuration is migrated to the target version format. If using the kayobe-config git repository to manage local configuration, this process can be managed via git. For example, to fetch version 1.0.0 of the configuration from the origin remote and merge it into the current branch:

$ git fetch origin 1.0.0
$ git merge 1.0.0

The configuration should be manually inspected after the merge to ensure that it is correct. Any new configuration options may be set at this point. In particular, the following options may need to be changed if not using their default values:

  • kolla_openstack_release
  • kolla_sources
  • kolla_build_blocks
  • kolla_build_customizations

Once the configuration has been migrated, it is possible to view the global variables for all hosts:

(kayobe) $ kayobe configuration dump

The output of this command is a JSON object mapping hosts to their configuration. The output of the command may be restricted using the --host, --hosts, --var-name and --dump-facts options.

If using the kayobe-env environment file in kayobe-config, this should also be inspected for changes and modified to suit the local ansible control host environment if necessary. When ready, source the environment file:

$ source kayobe-env

Upgrading the Control Host

Before starting the upgrade we must upgrade the Ansible control host. Tasks performed here include:

  • Install updated Ansible role dependencies from Ansible Galaxy.
  • Generate an SSH key if necessary and add it to the current user’s authorised keys.

To upgrade the Ansible control host:

(kayobe) $ kayobe control host upgrade

Upgrading the Seed

Currently, upgrading the seed services is not supported.

Upgrading the Overcloud

The overcloud services are upgraded in two steps. First, new container images should be obtained either by building them locally or pulling them from an image registry. Second, the overcloud services should be replaced with new containers created from the new container images.

Upgrading Host Services

Prior to upgrading the OpenStack control plane, the overcloud host services should be upgraded:

(kayobe) $ kayobe overcloud host upgrade

Note that this will not perform full configuration of the host, and will instead perform a targeted upgrade of specific services where necessary.

Building Ironic Deployment Images

Note

It is possible to use prebuilt deployment images. In this case, this step can be skipped.

It is possible to use prebuilt deployment images from the OpenStack hosted tarballs or another source. In some cases it may be necessary to build images locally either to apply local image customisation or to use a downstream version of Ironic Python Agent (IPA). In order to build IPA images, the ipa_build_images variable should be set to True. To build images locally:

(kayobe) $ kayobe overcloud deployment image build

Upgrading Ironic Deployment Images

Prior to upgrading the OpenStack control plane, the baremetal compute nodes should be configured to use an updated deployment ramdisk. This procedure is not currently automated by kayobe, and should be performed manually.

Building Container Images

Note

It is possible to use prebuilt container images from an image registry such as Dockerhub. In this case, this step can be skipped.

In some cases it may be necessary to build images locally either to apply local image customisation or to use a downstream version of kolla. To build images locally:

(kayobe) $ kayobe overcloud container image build

It is possible to build a specific set of images by supplying one or more image name regular expressions:

(kayobe) $ kayobe overcloud container image build ironic- nova-api

In order to push images to a registry after they are built, add the --push argument.

Pulling Container Images

Note

It is possible to build container images locally avoiding the need for an image registry such as Dockerhub. In this case, this step can be skipped.

In most cases suitable prebuilt kolla images will be available on Dockerhub. The stackhpc account provides image repositories suitable for use with kayobe and will be used by default. To pull images from the configured image registry:

(kayobe) $ kayobe overcloud container image pull

Saving Overcloud Service Configuration

It is often useful to be able to save the configuration of the control plane services for inspection or comparison with another configuration set prior to a reconfiguration or upgrade. This command will gather and save the control plane configuration for all hosts to the ansible control host:

(kayobe) $ kayobe overcloud service configuration save

The default location for the saved configuration is $PWD/overcloud-config, but this can be changed via the output-dir argument. To gather configuration from a directory other than the default /etc/kolla, use the node-config-dir argument.

Generating Overcloud Service Configuration

Prior to deploying, reconfiguring, or upgrading a control plane, it may be useful to generate the configuration that will be applied, without actually applying it to the running containers. The configuration should typically be generated in a directory other than the default configuration directory of /etc/kolla, to avoid overwriting the active configuration:

(kayobe) $ kayobe overcloud service configuration generate --node-config-dir /path/to/generated/config

The configuration will be generated remotely on the overcloud hosts in the specified directory, with one subdirectory per container. This command may be followed by kayobe ovecloud service configuration save to gather the generated configuration to the ansible control host.

Upgrading Containerised Services

Containerised control plane services may be upgraded by replacing existing containers with new containers using updated images which have been pulled from a registry or built locally.

To upgrade the containerised control plane services:

(kayobe) $ kayobe overcloud service upgrade

It is possible to specify tags for Kayobe and/or kolla-ansible to restrict the scope of the upgrade:

(kayobe) $ kayobe overcloud service upgrade --tags config --kolla-tags keystone